This project commemorates the Battle of Cesme, fought between the Ottoman and

Russian navies in 17-7-0. It also commemorates the friendship between contemporary

Turkey and Russia. My design intention is to create a dynamic representation of the story of the Battle and the people and nations (historic and contemporary) involved, as well as the dramatic, kinetic imagery of the chaos of maritime warfare. Finally:~ and most importantly, my intention is to invite viewers to think about the circular nature of

conflict, from a personal, to national to global level. I believe it is with this awareness

that, between people and nations, there can be deep and lasting friendship and as a result of that friendship, peace and prosperity.

The general composition is a large sphere, 32 meters in diameter, representing both the planet Earth, the sea and the sky, ringed by 16 tall, square-rigger ship masts. There are a series of concentric walkways that circle the monument: two near the sphere (one at about the equator and a second below) and a third outside and below the ring of masts. This composition would be set in a large open area and approached by viewers from a distance.

The masts represent the ships of the Ottoman and Russian navies. The rigging on the

different masts is inter-connected, which symbolizes the friendship and interdependence between the countries of Turkey and Russia. The masts will literally be supported by each other and in a circle, thereby presenting the strongest possible structure. Carved into the masts will be many images of cooperation and friendship between the two nations. The flags of the two nations, the town of Cesme and other related places in both Turkey and Russia could be flown from the masts.

In daylight, the sphere appears to be cut in half along the equator, so that primarily the

lower hemisphere is seen. At about the equator level, there are large ocean waves that

appear to move across the horizontal surface of the hemisphere, The ocean waves will be at adult eye-level when viewed from the Upper Walkway, which is located about a meter away from the sphere. As viewers walk around the equator, the waves will appear to move due- to the parallax effect between the- foreground and background waves. The- motion of the viewers will make the waves appear to move. This is illustrated in the short video that is part of this Preliminary Design presentation.

The lower hemisphere of the sculpture is partially below ground level and can also- be

viewed from the Lower Walkway, accessible by both stairs and elevators. At this lower

level, along the surface of the sphere will be a number of bronze bas-relief sculptures,

and along the surface of the surrounding wall will he many other bas-relief sculptures

carved in stone. These sculptures will tell the history of the two countries, the Battle of

Cesme and also the contemporary story of the friendship between Turkey and Russia,

The stone sculptures set in the surrounding walls will represent the deep, underlying

history of Turkey and Russia and the bronze bas-reliefs on the surface of the hemisphere will represent the contemporary history; up to the present.

At night, a system of water, mist and lighting will create the night time upper-

hemisphere. There will be a structure of curved water tubes, resembling latitude lines,

creating the general outline of the upper hemisphere. AU but four of the tubes will stop in the air some distance from the surface of the lower hemisphere to allow unimpeded views across the waves. At the very top.e£ ,the upper hemisphere structure will be an area resembling the polar ice-cap that will contain equipment for water and lighting. This structure will be suspended above the lower hemisphere by a system of cables connected to the circle of masts, The tubes will contain pressurized water and will project mist from their sides and ends. This, combined with jets of water-mist at the edge of the lower hemisphere and embedded in the surface of the waves, will create a surface which will be illuminated. There will also be a single water-jet at the center of the lower hemisphere wave surface that will send a column of water straight up to the underside of the polar cap. The water jet will cascade off the curved polar cap and create a hemispherical water-spray surface. This will be another level of the upper hemisphere shape and will create a sensation of movement of colors, Finally there will be a number of lights camouflaged and mounted inside the waves which will provide additional visual effects inside the upper hemisphere.

The water and mist will be illuminated by a sophisticated lighting system, part of it

mounted on the surrounding masts, that will among other possible effects, create- the-

imagery of fire reflected in the sky. From different vantage points: the approach to the

sculpture, the open areas surrounding it and the outer, Middle Walkway, the masts will be in sharp silhouette against the fire-sky. And, just like the apparent movement of the

waves, as seen from the Upper Walkway, when people walk around the entire monument, the masts will appear to. move across the sky and on the waves, completing the imagery of the sea battle.

The falling water will run down the sides of the lower hemisphere, into. drains at the

Lower Walkway level and be circulated, through filters and pumps, back to the upper

hemisphere fountain mechanism. The lighting will be cast onto the water by projectors

mounted around the sphere on the masts. A computer control booth for the lighting and water system will be located within the lower structure of the monument. Many different lighting effects can be projected onto the water. So- with this, the upper hemisphere of the sculpture can be seen as both the completion of the sphere of the Earth as well as the sky-dome.

The transition from day to night will be dramatic. During the daylight hours. the

monument will appear as masts OI ships sailing around a large sea. As the sun sets and

the natural light fades, the water-mist will begin and the entire sphere will emerge. Then, as the night's darkness deepens, the lights will project onto the mist and falling water and colors will move across the "sky". The sound of the water falling will be another element that will add to the whole composition and experience.

"There is strong symbolism in the sphere being in two halves - the upper half is the

future, the modern world, the hi-tech surprises and the capability of our technical

evolution to change the appearance of the world. The minimal structure of this part of the

piece above the equator reflects the infinite possibilities of the future until it gets

consolidated in the present and converted into the unchangeable past; the lower parts arethe tradition, the stone, the past; the things that can never change because they already happened or are beyond the control of man, and which shape and contain the possibilities for the future. Watching in the background is the immortal I immutable air, water andearth, patiently observing this tiny moment in the pageant play itself out on a timescale as old as the earth ... which is of course referenced in the complete sphere when the twohalves are considered together."

Liz Berry, Hologramica, London

It is my expectation that this design will draw many people from all walks of life and

nations to visit the Friendship Monument and Cesme. So I have also designed for large

numbers of public access which includes parking for buses; connection to town

transportation systems; information signs and monitors; public bathrooms; large open

areas fur people to gather, enjoy meals- together and wander around and through the

monument. The number of people drawn to this monument could produce a revenue

stream for the project and it's maintenance.

For project planning purposes, one important point to remember is that this design is

highly flexible. You will see that what I am presenting here is a very substantial project,

one that I believe reflects the magnitude of the subject. However, if due to limited

available space; cost, time or for other reasons, the design can be reduced in scale to meet any reasonable budget/cost and land area. I am presenting two other design scenarios (#'s 8, 2 and 3) and related cost estimates which illustrate this point.

There are many more detailed aspects to this design, including materials; which I would be glad to discuss. I am also available to answer any questions that may arise. And I would like to say here that I am honored to have been invited to make a presentation for this project. I hope this design presents a spirit and imagery that can be further developed, and one day become the Friendship Monument for the town of Cesme.